Introduction to Biochemistry

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Introduction to Biochemistry

  • Biochemistry is a branch of science that is applied in various fields within Health Sciences. It is the study of various chemical processes within the cells. The very basic understanding of biochemistry has it been known for ages, is that it only entails the study of chemicals of life e.g Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids and Vitamins. But as we currently know, biochemistry entails much more than just nutrients. So much more than it overlaps so many disciplines in the field of medicine. 
  • For that reason, many people argue that biochemistry should not be classified as a stand-alone discipline but rather as a tool. However much arguments they can present on the table, the fact remains that it is a discipline on its own and we agree that is it also a tool. Biochemistry is applied in virtually all health-related sciences such as medicine, pharmacy, Medical laboratory, microbiology, parasitology, dentistry, nutrition, and the list goes on.
  • A fact you need to know is that biochemistry requires tiny details, it is this aspect of biochemistry that makes it "tough or hard" as some people may describe it.  Through the series of these lectures, you will be able to understand hopefully many essentials of biochemistry for the undergraduate level. 

          Now,  A biochemist is not a teacher who has specialized in biology and chemistry, that gap is too wide and there exists no relation at all.

Master all essetials of Biochemistry for undergraduate level

Understanding of most if not all of fundermental topics in biochemistry

The course is delivered in English

No special requirement

Course Curriculum

In this first module, you will be introduced to the science of biochemistry, history of biochemistry, scope of the course, reference materials list and you will also be introduced to your instructor.

  • Introducing Instructor
  • Course Outline
  • Reference Text Books
  • Getting the Most
  • History of Biochemistry
  • Recap of Introduction
  • Solution to drawing Water

In this module we review the topic of ionization in terms of equilibrium constants, pH, and titration curves, and consider how aqueous solutions of weak acids or bases and their salts act as buffers
against pH changes in biological systems.

  • Introduction to Water
  • Derivation of pH equation
  • Weak Acids and Bases
  • Titration Curves
  • Buffer System
  • Henderson Hasselbalch Equation
  • Recap of Water
  • Summary of Water
  • Ionization Constant

Proteins are the most abundant biological macromolecules, occurring in all cells and all parts of cells. Proteins are the molecular instruments through which genetic information is expressed. All proteins, whether from the most ancient lines of bacteria or from the most complex forms of life, are constructed from the same ubiquitous set of 20 amino acids, covalently linked in characteristic linear sequences.

Because each of these amino acids has a side chain with distinctive chemical properties, this group of 20 precursor molecules may be regarded as the alphabet inwhich the language of protein structure is written. What is most remarkable is that cells can produce proteins with strikingly different properties and activities by joining the same 20 amino acids in many different combinations and sequences. From these building blocks different organisms can make such widely diverse products as enzymes, hormones, antibodies, transporters, muscle fibers, the lens protein of the eye, feathers, spider webs, rhinoceros horn, milk proteins, antibiotics,  and other substances.

In this topic we begin with a description of the fundamental chemical properties of amino acids, peptides, and proteins.

  • Introduction to Proteins
  • Protein Conformation and Structure
  • Protein Function
  • Introduction to Amino Acids
  • Naming of Amino Acids - Common Names
  • Naming of Amino Acids - 3 Letter Word Abbreviation
  • Naming of Amino Acids - One (1) Letter Word Abbreviation
  • Classification of Amino Acids Part A
  • Classification of Amino Acids Part B
  • Other Classification of Amino Acids + Essential and Non-essential Amino Acids
  • Rare Amino Acids
  • Properties of Amino Acids


facilitator image

Mr Rodgers Otom

A graduate from the school of Medicine with a degree in Biochemistry.